Majmoo’ Al Fatawa By Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah
..it is a book that is great insignificance, full of benefits, and covers many issues and discussions that are useful in the life of the human being, as well as his Hereafter. So, it is a comprehensive scientific collection that covers all fields of knowledge, whether that be in the area of ‘Aqidah, Tawhid, Fiqh, Usul, Hadith, Tafsir, astronomy, logic and debate, knowledge of various sects and denominations, medicine, the Arabic language, geography, history, spirituality, and much more.
So, whoever reads this great book will – if Allah Wills – come out with an intellect that is safe from doubts and misguidance, firm opinion, and great knowledge that he can benefit from and benefit others with…”
The great Majmoo’ al-Fatawa (Compilation of Fatawa) was collected centuries after Sheikh Al-Islam’s death, and contains several of the works he was known to author. So, it is a comprehensive scientific collection that covers all fields of knowledge, whether that be in the area of ‘Aqeedah, Tawheed, Fiqh, Usul, Hadith, Tafseer, astronomy, logic (Mantaq) and debate, knowledge of various sects and denominations, medicine, the Arabic language, geography, history, spirituality, and much more.
[‘Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah’; 12/125-127]
About Sheikh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah
Shaykh al-Islam Taqi ud-Din Abu’l-Abbas Ahmad Ibn al-Halim ibn Abd al-Salam Ibn Taymiyyah al-Hanbali was born in 661 AH (1263 AC) in Haran, which is now in Eastern Turkey, near the border of northern Iraq. His family had long been renowned for its learning , among his teachers, was Shams ud-Din Al-Maqdisi, first Hanbali Chief Justice of Syria following the reform of the judiciary by Baibars.
The number of Ibn Taymiyyah’s teachers exceeds two hundred. Ibn Taymiyyah was barely seventeen, when Qadi Al-Maqdisi authorized him to issue Fatwa (legal verdict). Qadi remembered with pride that it was he who had first permitted an intelligent and learned man like Ibn Taymiyyah to give Fatwa. At the same age, he started delivering lectures. When he was thirty, he was offered the office of Chief Justice, but refused, as he could not persuade himself to follow the limitations imposed by the authorities.
Imam Ibn Taymiyyah’s education was essentially that of a Hanbali theologian and jurisconsult. But to his knowledge of early and classical Hanbalism, he added not only that of the other schools of jurisprudence but also that of other literature.
He had an extensive knowledge of Quran, Sunnah, Greek philosophy, Islamic history, and religious books of others, as is evident from the variety of the books he wrote.